“Yoga is a journey from the self to the self, through the self, and back to the self.” The Bhagavad Gita is a Hindu scripture.
Yoga is perhaps one of the six canonical ‘darshana’ or philosophical schools of thought widespread in Hinduism that has earned universal attention and acclaim. Yoga is an all-encompassing practice or discipline with physical, mental, and spiritual qualities that date back to 3000 BCE in ancient India. Traditional yoga and modern yoga adaptations combining breathing techniques, asanas (postures), and meditation have been shown to improve stress, immunity, and general physical well-being.
Yoga’s entire approach is based on the concept of transcendentalism. To push past the boundaries that one sets for one’s mind, body, emotions, and energies. Yoga is more akin to a journey that manifests itself from within to open our mind and heart, making it more receptive. While most people compare the process to exercises to access spiritual disinhibition, yoga is more akin to a journey that manifests itself from within to open our mind and heart, making it more receptive. Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga, and Jana Yoga are the four different types of yoga. All four paths are, in essence, the same. The distinction between the paths is due to various components of the mind that are involved in the journey. All four characters’ genesis and telos remain unchanged. Karma Yoga is concerned with the active part of the mind; Bhakti Yoga is concerned with the emotional aspect; Raja Yoga is concerned with the mystic, and Jna Yoga is concerned with the intellectual domain.
Karma is a Sanskrit word that means “service.” Karma yoga, often known as the yoga of action, is a path of altruistic service. The practice’s idea is to perform altruistic activities without expecting credit or reward. The Karma yogi destroys the ego, cleanses the heart, and chooses to be one with the world by selfless actions. Yoga is dependent on the attitude underlying the activity rather than the deed itself because the desire to serve is always present.
Bhakti, or yoga’s devotional approach, is founded on pure love. Bhakti yoga’s concept aims to instill in aspiring yogis the belief that in order to attain the highest Truth, one must entirely give oneself while channeling one’s emotions into devotion. Self-surrender is acknowledged as the ultimate ego absolution, and it can be done in a variety of ways to develop a greater sense of humility. Praying, chanting, meditation, rituals, and kirtans (divine praise songs) are all regarded means for practicing Bhakti yoga.
Jna is a philosophical approach to yoga that is also known as “yoga of wisdom.” Jna yoga, which literally means “knowing,” is the most direct of the four routes, requiring active intellectual investigation or spiritual progress. Shravana (listening), Manana (reflection), and Nididhysana (meditation) were all practiced (meditation). In their quest or journey to investigate the nature of truth, a jna yogi will use vicar (inquiry) and vivek (observation) (self-analysis). The route to enlightenment is paved with constant discussions about philosophy and the meaning of existence, followed by meditations.
In contrast to the other three forms of yoga studied in the Bhagavad Gita, Raja yoga is only mentioned in the 16th century. The Yogatattva Upanishad is the first place where Raja yoga is mentioned. This is possibly the most scientific, step-by-step method of mind control. The mind is thoroughly analyzed in this discipline, and numerous strategies are used to bring it under control. The transformation of physical and mental energy into spiritual energy is a fully engaging process. Hatha yoga (yoga postures, cleaning procedures, and breathing exercises) and meditation, as well as other strategies for controlling the body, mind, and senses, are included in the practice. Raja Yoga also contains Ashtanga yoga (eight limbs), which is characterized by Patanjali Maharishi as leading to total mind mastery.
We suffer, according to Vedanta, for five basic reasons: lack of self-awareness, attachment, aversion, ego, and fear of death. Yoga (that which integrates body, mind, soul, and spirit) helps us recover the self, allowing us to return to a life of joy, bliss, and freedom, according to Vedanta. The four pathways are like distinct tributaries of the same river, born from the same genesis and divided to finally end up at the same resting place—Samadhi, the aim of all yoga paths. Each form complements the others, enhancing lives and assisting us in discovering the meaning of the great cosmos from within.